The modern day Republic of Kazakhstan has sprung from an ancient and varied history, spanning a time of early nomadic tribes to a Khan occupation, becoming a Soviet State and later declaring independence following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in nineteen ninety-one – when President Nursultan Nazarbayev became leader of the nation and remains so today.
Kazakhstan is categorised as the world’s largest landlocked country by land area, and the ninth largest country in the world. Bordering China, Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, it is a bridge between Europe to Asia and amasses an area almost four times that of Texas. It is home to an estimated seventeen million people and the official languages are Kazakh and Russian.
Kazakhstan’s economy is the largest of all the Central Asian states, most likely due to its extensive natural resources. Its goal is to join the top thirty most developed countries in the world by twenty fifty, and pursue a period of modernisation and rejuvenation.